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Singapore was founded in 1819 after the land was ceded by Sultan Hussein of the Malaysian state of Johor to the British East India Company. The city’s location on the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula was identified by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, commonly known as the ‘Father of Singapore,’ as the ideal place to establish a British trading post. During the 19th century the city became a focal point for trade in Southeast Asia, growing exponentially in the process. Today, Singapore is one of the great modern cities of Asia.